NEXT week's Budget will increase the cost of learning with university fees to rise as much as $3600 a student.
HECS debts will have to be paid back sooner as part of the biggest changes to the student loan system in 10 years, and universities will have to make significant funding savings.
About $2.8 billion will be lopped from university funding, or four per cent of the $74 billion spent over four years.
The objective of Education Minister Simon Birmingham, who briefed vice-chancellors today and outlined plans in a later speech tonight, is to lessen the taxpayers' contribution to tertiary funding and put greater demands on students and the institutions themselves.
Senator Birmingham said in a speech in Canberra "no student will pay a cent upfront for their higher education, students will no longer face fee deregulation and universities will not face a 20 per cent cut to their funding".
However, the May 9 Budget will confirm:
* From July students will have to start repaying their HECS debt when earnings reach $42,000, instead of the current $55,000;
* Universities will be subject to a 2.5 per cent efficiency dividend on CGS payments only in each of 2018 and 2019;
* Universities will be penalised if they fail standards of transparency and performance, including student retention;
* The employment priority will addressed with extra funding for work experience programs to improve the job-readiness of students.
Senator Birmingham said the average student share of fees will lift slightly from 42 per cent to 46 per cent, while the average share funded by taxpayers will drop slightly from 58 per cent to 54 per cent.
Increases will be phased in, starting with 1.8 per cent in 2018 and cumulating to a 7.5 per cent increase by 2021.
The minister said this meant increases over a four-year course would range from $2200 to, at most, $3600.
The maximum fee for a four-year publicly funded course would be $50,000, while the most expensive degree would be a six-year medical qualification to cost $137,000.
If universities don't meet Government standards they could lose funding.
Senator Birmingham said from January, 7.5 per cent of a university's funding from the Commonwealth Grant Scheme will be contingent on universities meeting performance requirements for admissions and financial transparency.
The minister is using a Deloitte Access Economics study to argue funding well exceeds teaching costs, and should be pruned.
"Domestic undergraduate enrolments have grown strongly in the last 25 years - with growth accelerating following the introduction of the demand driven system," said Senator Birmingham.
"This growth supports a strong labour market and dynamic economy, but it has imposed spiralling costs on taxpayers. Since 2009 student funding has increased by 71 per cent, twice the rate of growth of the economy.
"Outstanding taxpayer funded student loans have tripled since 2009, now standing at more than $52 billion. Without changes to address this situation, around a quarter of that is expected to go unpaid."
The repayment threshold will from July 2019 be indexed to inflation, rater than average weekly earnings.
The new minimum repayment income is 20 per cent above the full time minimum wage.
"At a repayment rate of just one per cent an employee will pay back just $8 per week of the student loan that funded their university degree," said Senator Birmingham.
The Government is confident the extra charges will not deter young people taking on a degree, and Senator Birmingham said the student loans scheme had "completely insulated students from being deterred to enrol".
"Since student contributions were introduced, and following subsequent increases to them, participation has only gone up," he said.
"Since 1989 enrolments have grown by 149 per cent, with enrolments by students from lower socio-economic backgrounds increasing 172 per cent.
"The reality is that students know the employability and likely income are enhanced by holding a university qualification. The lifetime benefits far outweigh the costs, which continue to be entirely deferrable under one of the world's most generous student loans schemes."
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